Finding Flow is a prescriptive guide that helps us reclaim ownership of our lives. Finding Flow contends that we often walk through our days unaware and out of touch with our emotional lives. Our inattention makes us constantly bounce between two extremes: during much of the day we live filled with the anxiety and pressures of our work and obligations, while during our leisure moments, we tend to live in passive boredom. The key, according to Csikszentmihalyi, is to challenge ourselves with tasks requiring a high degree of skill and commitment. Instead of watching television, play the piano. Transform a routine task by taking a different approach. In short, learn the joy of complete engagement. Thought they appear simple, the lessons in Finding Flow are life-altering.
On the other hand, people feel unhappy and unhappy because the universe itself is developing in a way that it can not satisfy the happiness of human beings. Disorder disorder and chaos in the universe are external factors that human can not control, and the way to overcome this depends on the harmony of inner consciousness. Human beings overcome chaos and chaos through culture, but culture causes another problem.
This book is to approach the reality itself in a scientific and concrete way based on human daily life. In other words, the scientific research based on the questionnaires of thousands of people and the author ‘s extensive humanistic knowledge, emphasizes the importance of human life and how to deal with its precious life.
Flow is the psychology of optimal experience, Csíkszentmihályi outlines his theory that people are happiest when they are in a state of flow. It is a state in which people are so involved in an activity that nothing else seems to matter. The flow state is an optimal state of intrinsic motivation, where the person is fully immersed in what they are doing.
Csikszentmihalyi characterized nine component states of achieving flow including “challenge-skill balance, merging of action and awareness, clarity of goals, immediate and unambiguous feedback, concentration on the task at hand, paradox of control, transformation of time, loss of self-consciousness, and autotelic experience”. To achieve a flow state, a balance must be struck between the challenge of the task and the skill of the performer. If the task is too easy or too difficult, flow cannot occur. Both skill level and challenge level must be matched and high; if skill and challenge are low and matched, then apathy results.
The autotelic personality is one in which a person performs acts because they are intrinsically rewarding, rather than to achieve external goals. Research has shown that aspects associated with the autotelic personality include curiosity, persistence, and humility
About the Author
Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi (1934~) is a Hungarian-American psychologist. He recognised and named the psychological concept of flow, a highly focused mental state. He is the Distinguished Professor of Psychology and Management at Claremont Graduate University. He is the former head of the department of psychology at the University of Chicago and of the department of sociology and anthropology at Lake Forest College.
Csikszentmihalyi is noted for his work in the study of happiness and creativity, but is best known as the architect of the notion of flow and for his years of research and writing on the topic. He is the author of many books and over 120 articles or book chapters. Martin Seligman, former president of the American Psychological Association, described Csikszentmihalyi as the world’s leading researcher on positive psychology.