Park Geun-hye (박근혜 born 2 February 1952) is a South Korean politician who served as the 11th President of South Korea, from 2013 to 2017.
Park — the first woman to be elected as President of South Korea — served the 18th presidential term. She was the first female president popularly elected as head of state in East Asia.
Prior to her presidency, Park was the chairwoman of the conservative Grand National Party (GNP) from 2004 to 2006 and from 2011 to 2012. (The GNP changed its name to the “Saenuri Party” in February 2012.) She was also a member of the National Assembly, serving four complete consecutive parliamentary terms as a constituency representative between 1998 and 2012. She started her fifth term as a proportional representative in June 2012. Her father, Park Chung-hee, was the third President of South Korea from 1963 to 1979 after he seized power in 1961.
In 2013 and 2014, Park was ranked 11th on the Forbes list of the world’s 100 most powerful women and the most powerful woman in East Asia. In 2014, she was ranked 46th on the Forbes list of the world’s most powerful people, the third-highest South Korean on the list after Lee Kun-hee and Lee Jae-yong.
On 9 December 2016, Park was impeached by the National Assembly on charges related to influence peddling by a top aide. Her presidential powers and duties were suspended with the ratification of the impeachment proposal, and Prime Minister Hwang Kyo-ahn assumed those powers and duties as Acting President. The impeachment was upheld by the Constitutional Court on 10 March 2017, ending Park’s presidency and forcing her out of office.